Dr. Muhammad Ikram, a full-time professor at the Al Akhawayn University (AUI) School of Business Administration (SBA), and BBA student ADEL Zineb, Zineb FILALI, and Ismael El Otmani published an article titled "Effects of COVID-19 on Population, Economic Growth, Logistics Performance, and Quality Management in Africa: Grey Relational Analysis” in the International Journal of Grey Systems.
The research aims to examine the emerging repercussions of the COVID-19 pandemic on population, GDP (Gross Domestic Product), logistics performance, and ISO 9001 certification in most affected African countries: South Africa, Morocco, and Tunisia. The innovative Grey Relational Grade (GRG) modeling approach was applied to analyze the interdependent relationship between COVID-19, economic growth, quality and logistics performance. Furthermore, the authors implemented the conservative (maximin) approach to identify which one of the top three most impacted COVID-19 African nations had the least intensifying effects. The data utilized in the research was obtained from several databases and examined in 2021. The results indicate that the pandemic has a tremendous undesirable influence and impact on the population, GDP, logistics performance, as well as ISO 9001 certification in all three considerably impacted African nations. Whereas South Africa was recorded the most affected in terms of the population due to a high number of fatalities. Moreover, the country has demonstrated substantial negative correlations between COVID-19 and logistic performance, whereas Tunisia and Morocco's GDP showed a downward negative trend due mainly to global trade flow constraints. Besides, in all the countries covered in this research, the number of ISO 9001 certificates has declined dramatically. The study outcomes generate much-needed policy recommendations for international organizations, decision-makers and world governments to consider implementing immediate reparative interventions and emergent action plans to protect economic systems from further losses, as well as to improve the logistics, economic, and quality performances. This research pursues a multidimensional structure and explores the emerging impacts of the pandemic on economic growth, population, logistical performance as well as the process of quality production.
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